The White Truffle
The white truffle Tuber magnatum is known by some as the Italian Piedmont or Alba white truffle because it became famous in Italy, where a renown truffle market still takes place every year in the city of Alba. Piedmont is nevertheless not the only Italian province where white truffles are collected. Not only can white truffles be naturally found almost everywhere in Italy (in the provinces of Molise, Tuscany, Emilia, Umbria, Le Marche etc.), but today, the biggest production of the white truffle Tuber magnatum is actually coming from Eastern Europe (i.e. Croatia, Serbia, Hungary, Bulgaria, Romania etc.).
The Black Truffle
The black truffle Tuber melanosporum, also known as the Périgord truffle because of its historic importance in that French region actually commonly occurs all over southern France as well as Spain, Italy and some regions of Slovenia. It has also been successfully introduced to Australia towards the end of the 20th century.
The Summer Truffle
Tuber aestivum (synonymous of Tuber uncinatum) commonly known as the Burgundy or summer truffle is widely distributed all over Europe (from the south up north to the UK and the Swedish island of Gotland) and in some countries of northern Africa (i.e. Morocco, Tunisia).